Category Archives: Learning

How We Appraise a Clarinet

When appraising a clarinet, the Martin Freres Company experts consider the following:

  1. Current condition; Is the clarinet playable? Does it need to be reconditioned? Are there any scratches, cracks, leaks, missing components?
  2. Popularity and market acceptance of the model at its initial release;
  3. Where the piece was made; The French pieces tend to have a higher value, for example, than do the clarinets manufactured elsewhere;
  4. Current demand versus supply affects the clarinet value;
  5. How well has the clarinet been preserved, stored and/or maintained over the years of its existence?
  6. Even if the clarinet is currently in good, playable condition, did the piece require significant repairs such as cracks, misaligned posts, replacement keys, at any time in its history?
  7. Is the clarinet all original? Meaning: Is the bell original? Is the barrel original? Are the keys the original keys installed by its clarinet-maker? Do the serial numbers on the upper and lower joints match? Is the mouthpiece a Martin Freres? Is the ligature a Martin Freres? Originality of the clarinet certainly affect its value;
  8. Which of the various Martin Freres maker’s stamps (logos) was used on the clarinet?
  9. Actual recent sales;

Description for the Condition of a Clarinet

  • Used Parts Only to Poor Condition – Not playable; Needs Major Work
  • Used Fair to Good Playable Condition – Playable with minor issues, may have repaired cracks, may have metal loss, fair pads, fair cork, fair springs.
  • Used Very Good Playable Condition – Playable with no issues, may have repaired cracks, may have minor metal loss, good pads, good cork, good springs.
  • Used Excellent Playable Condition – No visible scratches, No cracks or pins, No Metal Loss, new pads, new cork, good springs

Martin Freres Company

The Honored Journey of the Martin Freres Company Namesake

Martin Freres A Paris 19th Century Logo

Early Logo


The Martin Freres Societe (fr., Martin Brothers Company) , was established in the year 1840 in the city of La Couture Boussey, Eure France by (Francois) Jean-Baptiste
(Born 1817, Dec 1877), Claude Eugene (Born 1819, Dec 1874) & Felix (Born 1821, Dec 1896) MARTIN (surname). 

These fine craftsmen hand-manufactured flutes and clarinets from 1840 until their deaths*.

Martin Freres Logo

Martin Freres A PARIS

 

In the late 1890’s, the Thibouville family of Paris took the baton and continued the Martin Freres tradition until ~1927.

 

Martin Freres 20th Century Logo

Martin Freres 20th Century Logo

In the 1930’s, a team of French & American businessmen (unrelated to any previous owners) revived the company and licensed the Martin Freres name to various woodwind manufacturers worldwide to produce student and intermediate woodwinds until the 1960’s. In 1992, Martin Freres was dissolved worldwide and the last remnant of its iconic brand name with it. Yet, the instruments live on!

 

Martin Freres Company Today

Martin Freres Company

 

Today, a new generation of clarinet makers have risen to the challenge to keep the Martin brother’s dream alive. Affiliated by the great honor and deep respect for the groundbreaking work of its namesake’s founding fathers, the Martin Freres Company woodwind makers carry on that same fine family journey of excellence.

 

That is why clarinetists of today and beyond will say with pride, I Play a Martin Freres!  sm

– The Martin Freres Company Team

 

* The Martin Family actually began manufacturing woodwind instruments in the year 1740 (inspiring the collection of models with the 1740 stamp) in La Couture Boussey (Eure) FR. The use of the company and brand name ‘Martin Freres’ (for woodwind manufacturing) does not first appear until 1840.

The Martin Freres Company is a family business.

The Martin Freres Company has never been associated with the Martin Band Equipment Co., USA; the C.F. Martin Company or the Martin Guitar Company.

 

Take me to:

The Clarinet Catalog   —   The Repair & Service Center  —   About Martin Freres Company

 

Martin Freres Catalog of Clarinets 1905

Select pages from the Martin Freres 1905 Catalog of Clarinets.

In 1905, Martin Freres instruments were manufactured in La Couture Boussey, Eure, France.
The catalog features Boehm, Demi-Boehm, Albert, Simple and J-B Martin System Clarinets.

What does J-B Martin stand for?

  • J-B, Jean Baptiste Martin, one of the company founders; son of Francois Martin, founder of Martin Clarinets of La Coutoure Boussey, FR c1740;
  • J-B Martin is the name given to the patented System of clarinets designed and manufactured by Jean Baptiste Martin and his brothers;
  • J.B.M. stamped on many clarinets dating c1888 – c1927 stands for Francois Jean Baptiste Martin (the son of Jean Baptiste Martin, the company founder);
  • J-B Martin is also a d/b/a and brand name used by Martin Freres for worldwide sales and distribution;
Martin Freres Clarinet Catalog 1905

Martin Freres Clarinet Catalog 1905

MF-CAT-1905-bMF-CAT-1905-cMF-CAT-1905-dMF-CAT-1905-eMF-CAT-1905-fMF-CAT-1905-g

Vintage Martin Freres 1740 Deluxe Model Turns 70 Years Old

During a time in instrument manufacturing history, when clarinets were being widely produced for the Big Band Jazz sound, Martin Freres Woodwinds was focusing their manufacturing efforts on superior quality Grenadilla Wood Bb clarinets for the Symphonic enthusiast. Just after World War II, Martin Freres released a well fine-tuned instrument for experienced clarinetists engraved, ‘Martin Freres Paris Model 1740 Deluxe.’  Today, 70 years since its debut, the instrument is still performing for artists and collectors around the globe.

The 1740 Deluxe did not follow the mainstream clarinet build of the era, known as the large-bore clarinet (15.0mm and larger) made popular by such manufacturers as Conn, Selmer, Boosey & Hawkes and Penzel Mueller. Rather, Martin Freres manufactured the 1740 Deluxe using a very small 14.5mm bore, which was embraced by clarinetists throughout the world for playing classical pieces.

The 1740 Deluxe features outstanding intonation and key action throughout the registers, as well as the throat tones, making it an ideal example of a mid 20th century professional clarinet.

The Martin Freres 1740 Deluxe was manufactured in Paris, France from 1945 until the 1960’s. Originally tuned in the European playing style (A = 442 Hz), tuning barrels, made of various wood types, are available allowing the 1740 Deluxe to be tuned to A = 440 Hz and fitted to mouthpieces with tenons measuring 22.0mm – 22.6mm.

Acoustically, the 1740 Deluxe boasts an underlying whisper (silvery overtones) to complement its bright, rich tone and reaching projection. Players can easily blend with the full cast of instruments or stand out solo in virtually any venue.

So, Happy 70th, 1740 Deluxe. Clarinetists and collectors everywhere know the significance of your arrival!

 

Dimensions:

Barrel:

Top Receiver ID: 22.25mm; Tenon Receiver Depth: 17.30mm; Center Bore: 14.50mm

Bottom Receiver ID: 22.85mm; Tenon Receiver Depth: 20.30mm; Center Bore: 14.50mm

Bore Style: Straight

Length: 64mm

 

Upper Joint:

Top Tenon OD: 22.7mm; Tenon Height: 19.9mm; Center Bore: 14.50mm

Bottom Tenon OD: 21.9mm; Tenon Height: 16.3mm; Center Bore: 14.69mm

 

Lower Joint:

Top Receiver ID: 21.2mm; Tenon Receiver Depth: 15.7mm; Center Bore: 14.77mm

Bottom Tenon OD: 27.2mm; Tenon Height: 19.8mm; Center Bore: 21.9mm

 

Bell:

Top Receiver ID: 26.8mm; Tenon Receiver Depth 19.8mm; Length: 105.3mm

How to Oil a Grenadilla Wood Clarinet

Dalbergia melanoxylon (also called African BlackwoodGrenadilla, or Mpingo), is a material used to produce musical instruments, especially woodwinds such as the clarinet, because it is one of the hardest (most dense) woods available. Due to harvesting restrictions on the trees, grenadilla wood is slowly becoming more difficult to procure. So, if you own a clarinet made of this precious material, care for it well!

Prior to being turned on a lathe into a clarinet body, the wood is processed and aged for many months to ensure its stability over various temperatures. Many clarinet makers apply oil to the clarinet body during processing.

Experience tells us that oil should be swabbed into the bore about once per year for a grenedilla wood clarinet. If the clarinet is used or stored in an arid climate, or if it is regularly played outside in wet weather, oil can be applied more often to keep the bore clean.

So, what is the best way to apply clarinet bore oil?

1. Ensure that the clarinet bore is thoroughly dry by swabbing the bore.

2. Cover each pad with a bit of plastic wrap material to ensure that the pads do not come in contact with the oil.

3. Pour approximately a teaspoon of oil (bore oil is typically made of mineral oil but some use olive oil, almond oil, walnut oil or other light oil) on a swab to be used only for oiling the clarinet.

4. Rub the oil into the swab and then slowly swab the bore of the barrel, upper and lower joints of the clarinet from the top down, then the bottom up.

5. Inspect the bore to ensure that a very thin slick of oil has been applied evenly. If not, swab again.

6. Let the clarinet rest until the bore is dry.

7. Swab the clarinet using a dry swab.

Now for the most important step:

8. Store your grenadilla wood clarinet in a climate controlled environment.

Because the grenadilla is naturally saturated in oil as it grows, the oils inherent to this tree species remain in the climate controlled wood even generations after it is carved into a clarinet. In climate extremes, too dry, too hot, too wet, too cold, grenadilla oils break down and leave the wood porous and brittle.

After each session of playing, be sure to disassemble and dry the bore, the pads and the tenon cork before returning the instrument to its case. Anyone who has ever found a vintage grenadilla wood clarinet in less than ideal storage conditions can attest to the unsightly corrosion, mold growth and truly foul odor that consumes the unmaintained instrument. How do you remove that foul odor? Ah, that’s a story for another day!

– Martin Freres