How to Choose the Perfect Clarinet Instrument for Beginners

For beginners, selecting the right clarinet instrument is a critical first step in the musical journey. As a clarinet expert with years of experience in playing, repairing, valuing, teaching, and selling clarinets, I understand the intricacies involved in making this choice. This guide provides a comprehensive overview of what to consider when choosing a clarinet for a beginner, ensuring that the instrument enhances their learning experience and fosters a love for music.

Understanding the Types of Clarinets

B flat Clarinet

  • Popularity: The B flat clarinet is the most common type and is widely used in school bands, orchestras, and jazz ensembles.
  • Versatility: Its range and tone make it suitable for various music styles, making it an ideal choice for beginners.

E flat Clarinet

  • Size: Smaller and higher-pitched than the B flat clarinet, the E flat clarinet is often used in advanced ensembles and orchestras.
  • Consideration: While not typically recommended for beginners, it can be a good second instrument for those who want to explore different clarinet sounds.

Bass Clarinet

  • Range: The bass clarinet has a lower range and a unique, rich tone that is appealing in both orchestral and solo settings.
  • Suitability: This instrument is usually more suitable for intermediate to advanced players due to its size and complexity.

Material Matters

Plastic Clarinets

  • Durability: Ideal for young beginners, plastic clarinets are durable and can withstand the rigors of regular practice and transportation.
  • Affordability: These clarinets are generally more affordable, making them a practical choice for those just starting out.

Wooden Clarinets

  • Sound Quality: Wooden clarinets, typically made from grenadilla wood, offer a superior sound quality with a warmer, richer tone.
  • Care Requirements: They require more maintenance and care, including regular cleaning and humidity control, which might be a consideration for beginners.

Key Features to Look For

Key System

  • Boehm System: Most modern clarinets use the Boehm system, which offers a more intuitive key arrangement and improved playability.
  • Alternative Systems: While other key systems exist, they are less common and may not be ideal for beginners.


  • Importance: The mouthpiece significantly impacts the sound and playability of the clarinet. A good quality mouthpiece can make learning easier and more enjoyable.
  • Selection: Beginners should look for a mouthpiece that provides comfort and ease of sound production.


  • Type: Beginners typically start with softer reeds (strength 2 or 2.5) to make it easier to produce a sound.
  • Material: Cane reeds are traditional, but synthetic reeds can offer durability and consistency, which can be beneficial for beginners.


  • Function: The ligature holds the reed in place on the mouthpiece. A good ligature ensures the reed vibrates properly, which affects sound quality.
  • Options: Metal and fabric ligatures are common, with metal offering more brightness and fabric providing warmth in tone.

Budget Considerations

Entry-Level Clarinets

  • Price Range: Entry-level clarinets can range from $300 to $700, providing a good balance between quality and affordability.
  • Brands: Various reputable brands offer quality beginner clarinets. It’s essential to research and read reviews to find a reliable instrument.

Used Clarinets

  • Benefits: Purchasing a used clarinet can be a cost-effective way to obtain a higher-quality instrument.
  • Caution: Ensure the instrument is inspected by a professional to verify its condition and playability before purchasing.

Additional Accessories


  • Protection: A sturdy case is essential to protect the clarinet from damage during transport and storage.
  • Features: Look for cases with ample padding, secure latches, and extra compartments for accessories.

Cleaning Kit

  • Maintenance: Regular cleaning is crucial for maintaining the clarinet’s performance and longevity.
  • Components: A basic cleaning kit should include a swab, cork grease, and a reed case.


  • Convenience: A clarinet stand provides a safe place to rest the instrument when not in use, preventing accidental damage.
  • Portability: Portable stands are useful for rehearsals and performances.

Seeking Expert Advice

Teachers and Instructors

  • Guidance: Consulting with a clarinet teacher or instructor can provide valuable insights into choosing the right instrument.
  • Trial: Some instructors may allow students to try different clarinets to find the one that best suits their needs.

Music Stores

  • Expertise: Reputable music stores often have knowledgeable staff who can assist in selecting a beginner clarinet.
  • Try Before You Buy: Whenever possible, test the clarinet in-store to ensure it feels comfortable and produces a good sound.

Online Resources

  • Reviews and Forums: Online reviews and forums can offer additional perspectives from other beginners and experienced players.
  • Tutorials and Videos: Numerous online tutorials and videos provide guidance on selecting and maintaining a clarinet.

Choosing the perfect clarinet instrument for beginners involves considering various factors, including type, material, key features, and budget. By taking the time to research and seek expert advice, beginners can find an instrument that will support their musical journey and foster a lifelong love for playing the clarinet.