Category Archives: Clarinet How-Tos

How to Create Beautiful Clarinet Phrasing

Creating beautiful clarinet phrasing is an art that sets accomplished players apart from mere technicians. Whether you're playing a soulful jazz piece or a classical sonata, the way you shape your phrases can deeply affect the emotional impact of your performance. In this post, we'll explore various techniques to enhance your clarinet phrasing, making your music more expressive and captivating.

Understanding Musical Phrasing

Musical phrasing on the clarinet involves shaping a sequence of notes to express a coherent musical idea, much like a sentence in spoken language. The key to effective phrasing is understanding the structure of the music and the emotional narrative you wish to convey. Players of Martin Freres and other premium clarinet brands often excel in this area due to the responsive nature of these instruments, which allows for nuanced expression.

Breath Control and Support

Breath control is fundamental to creating smooth, connected phrases. Proper breath support ensures a steady airflow, which is crucial for maintaining consistent tone and intonation across phrases. Practice deep, diaphragmatic breathing and work on exercises to improve your lung capacity. This is especially important for clarinetists, as the instrument demands considerable breath control.

Articulation Techniques

Effective articulation is essential for clear and expressive phrasing. Experiment with different types of tonguing—single, double, and even triple tonguing can add variety to your phrases. Listen to recordings of master clarinetists, including those who play Martin Freres clarinets, to understand how they use articulation to shape their phrases. Pay attention to how they use legato and staccato to add contrast and interest to their playing.

Dynamics and Expression

Dynamic contrast is a powerful tool for creating expressive phrases. Gradual changes in volume (crescendos and diminuendos) can add emotional depth to your performance. Practice playing scales and passages with varying dynamics to develop control. Remember, dynamics are not just about playing loudly or softly; they are about conveying the emotional content of the music.

Emphasizing Important Notes

In any phrase, some notes are more important than others. Identifying these “target notes” and highlighting them can make your phrasing more compelling. Use subtle accents or slight increases in volume to draw attention to these notes. This technique is particularly effective in lyrical passages, where the melody needs to sing.

Using Vibrato

Vibrato can add warmth and expression to your playing. While it's not used as extensively on the clarinet as on some other instruments, a well-placed vibrato can enhance a phrase. Practice controlling the speed and width of your vibrato to match the character of the music. Listen to recordings of clarinetists from different traditions to understand how they use vibrato in their phrasing.

Phrasing in Different Musical Styles

Different musical styles require different approaches to phrasing. In classical music, phrasing is often more structured and follows the contours of the melody and harmony. In jazz, phrasing can be more flexible and is heavily influenced by rhythmic elements. Listen to a wide range of clarinet music, including performances on Martin Freres clarinets, to develop a versatile approach to phrasing.

Practicing Phrasing

To improve your phrasing, practice is essential. Work on short passages, focusing on different aspects of phrasing such as breath control, articulation, and dynamics. Record yourself and listen critically to identify areas for improvement. Play along with recordings to internalize different phrasing styles and techniques.

Listening and Imitating

One of the best ways to develop your phrasing skills is to listen to great clarinetists. Pay attention to how they shape their phrases and try to imitate their style. This can be particularly useful when listening to clarinetists who play instruments with a rich, responsive sound, such as Martin Freres clarinets. Over time, you’ll develop your unique phrasing style, but imitation is a valuable step in the learning process.

Mindful Practice

As you practice, be mindful of the emotional content of the music. Think about the story you want to tell with your playing and let that guide your phrasing decisions. Whether you're playing a hauntingly beautiful adagio or an upbeat allegro, your phrasing should reflect the mood and character of the piece.

Creating beautiful clarinet phrasing is a lifelong journey. By focusing on breath control, articulation, dynamics, and expression, you can develop a more nuanced and expressive style. Listen to great players, practice mindfully, and most importantly, let your musical intuition guide you. With dedication and passion, your phrasing will become a natural extension of your musical voice.

How to Play Clarinet in a Concert Band

Playing the clarinet in a concert band is an incredibly rewarding experience. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced musician, mastering the clarinet in a concert band setting can elevate your musical journey. The clarinet, known for its versatile range and rich tone, plays a vital role in concert bands, and understanding how to play effectively within this ensemble is essential.

Understanding Your Role in the Concert Band

The clarinet section often carries the melody or harmony, and sometimes provides rhythmic support. Your role can vary from piece to piece, so it's important to be adaptable. Understanding the specific demands of concert band music helps you prepare and perform better.

Section Placement and Balancing

Clarinets are usually positioned in the middle of the band, flanked by brass and other woodwinds. This placement helps blend the clarinet's sound with the rest of the ensemble. It's crucial to listen to your section and balance your playing to ensure the overall sound is cohesive.

Reading the Music

Concert band music can range from easy to complex. Familiarize yourself with different time signatures, key signatures, and dynamics. Pay close attention to the conductor's cues and markings in the music. Practice sight-reading regularly to improve your ability to pick up new pieces quickly.

Developing Proper Technique

Good technique is the foundation of great clarinet playing. Focus on your embouchure, finger positioning, and breath control.


The embouchure, or the way you shape your mouth and lips around the mouthpiece, significantly affects your tone. Ensure your embouchure is firm yet flexible. Practice long tones and scales to build strength and control.

Finger Positioning

Proper finger positioning helps you play more smoothly and accurately. Keep your fingers close to the keys and practice scales and arpeggios daily. This will improve your speed and coordination.

Breath Control

Good breath control is essential for sustaining notes and phrases. Practice breathing exercises and play long tones to develop your lung capacity and control. Remember to breathe from your diaphragm for a fuller, more supported sound.

Rehearsal Tips

Rehearsals are where the magic happens. Here are some tips to make the most of your practice time:


Start each rehearsal with a warm-up. This can include long tones, scales, and articulation exercises. Warming up prepares your muscles and mind for playing and helps prevent injury.

Active Listening

Listen to the other sections of the band. Understanding how your part fits into the larger ensemble is crucial. Adjust your playing based on what you hear, and strive to blend with the group.

Take Notes

Keep a pencil handy to mark your music. Note any tricky passages, changes in dynamics, or instructions from the conductor. These notes will be invaluable during practice and performance.

Performance Preparation

Preparing for a concert involves more than just playing the notes correctly. Here are some tips to ensure you're ready for the big day:

Practice Regularly

Consistent practice is key. Set a regular practice schedule and stick to it. Focus on difficult sections and work on them until you feel confident.

Mock Performances

Performing in front of others, even if it's just family or friends, can help you get used to playing under pressure. Set up mock performances to simulate concert conditions.

Mental Preparation

Visualize the performance in your mind. Picture yourself on stage, playing confidently and accurately. This mental practice can help reduce anxiety and improve your focus.

Instrument Care and Maintenance

Taking care of your clarinet is essential for maintaining its performance and longevity. Regular maintenance ensures your instrument stays in top condition.

Regular Cleaning

After each practice session, clean your clarinet with a swab to remove moisture and prevent buildup. Use a mouthpiece brush to clean the mouthpiece, and wipe down the exterior with a soft cloth.

Check for Wear and Tear

Regularly inspect your clarinet for signs of wear and tear. Check the pads, keys, and corks for any damage. If you notice any issues, address them promptly to avoid further damage.

Professional Servicing

Take your clarinet to a professional technician for regular servicing. They can perform more thorough cleanings, adjustments, and repairs. This keeps your instrument in optimal playing condition.


Playing the clarinet in a concert band is a fulfilling experience that requires dedication, practice, and attention to detail. By understanding your role in the band, developing proper technique, and preparing for rehearsals and performances, you can enhance your musical skills and enjoy the camaraderie of playing in an ensemble. Remember, the journey of mastering the clarinet is ongoing, and every practice session brings you one step closer to achieving your musical goals.

Whether you're playing a Martin Freres clarinet or another brand, the principles of good musicianship remain the same. Embrace the process, enjoy the music, and let your passion for the clarinet shine through in every performance.

How to Prepare for a Clarinet Performance

Preparing for a clarinet performance can be a thrilling yet daunting experience. Whether you're a novice clarinetist or a seasoned performer, having a solid preparation process is essential for delivering a remarkable performance. Let's dive into the steps and tips that can help you get ready for your big day.

Understand Your Repertoire

The first step in preparing for a clarinet performance is to thoroughly understand your repertoire. This means more than just being able to play the notes; you need to grasp the music's structure, dynamics, and emotional nuances. Spend time analyzing each piece. Break it down into sections and practice them individually. This will help you identify challenging passages and work on them effectively. Remember, the goal is to make the music feel natural and expressive.

Regular Practice Routine

A consistent practice routine is vital. Aim for daily practice sessions that focus on different aspects of your performance. Start with warm-up exercises to get your fingers and embouchure ready. Long tones, scales, and arpeggios are excellent for this purpose. Gradually move on to practicing your pieces, paying attention to difficult sections. It's also beneficial to practice sight-reading and improvisation to enhance your overall musicianship.

Instrument Maintenance

Your clarinet needs to be in top condition for a performance. Regular maintenance is key. Ensure that your clarinet is clean, and all the pads are sealing properly. If you notice any issues, get them fixed well in advance. A well-maintained instrument not only sounds better but also gives you confidence during your performance. Whether you're playing a well-loved Martin Freres clarinet or another brand, proper care and maintenance are crucial.

Reed Selection

Choosing the right reed can significantly impact your performance. Experiment with different reeds to find the one that suits your playing style and the piece you're performing. Make sure you have several reeds broken in and ready to go. Rotate between them during your practice sessions to ensure consistency and reliability. Always have spare reeds available on the day of your performance.

Mental Preparation

Mental preparation is just as important as physical practice. Visualization techniques can be very effective. Imagine yourself on stage, playing through your pieces flawlessly. This can help reduce performance anxiety and build confidence. Additionally, practice deep breathing exercises and mindfulness to stay calm and focused. Remember, a positive mindset can greatly enhance your performance.

Mock Performances

Performing in front of an audience, even a small one, can help you get used to the feeling of being on stage. Organize mock performances for friends, family, or fellow musicians. This will give you valuable feedback and help you overcome any stage fright. Treat these mock performances as seriously as the actual event to simulate the experience as closely as possible.

Review and Reflect

After each practice session or mock performance, take the time to review and reflect. Identify areas where you did well and areas that need improvement. Keep a practice journal to track your progress and make notes on what works and what doesn't. This reflective practice can provide insights and help you refine your preparation process.

Performance Day Tips

On the day of the performance, ensure you have everything you need: your clarinet, reeds, music, and any other accessories. Arrive at the venue early to get accustomed to the acoustics and do a final warm-up. Stay hydrated and eat a light meal to maintain your energy levels. Most importantly, trust your preparation and enjoy the experience. Remember, every performance is an opportunity to share your love for music with your audience.

By following these steps, you'll be well-prepared to deliver a memorable clarinet performance. Whether you're playing a Martin Freres clarinet or another brand, the key is consistent practice, thorough preparation, and a positive mindset. Happy playing!

How to Play Clarinet with Extended Techniques

How to Play Clarinet with Extended Techniques

If you are a clarinet player looking to expand your repertoire and skills, you may have come across the term “extended techniques”. These techniques go beyond the traditional methods of playing and offer unique and expressive sounds. In this post, we will delve into several extended techniques that are often used in clarinet music, particularly in the Martin Freres tradition.


Multi-phonics is the technique of producing two or more pitches simultaneously on the clarinet. This can be achieved by using unconventional fingerings, or by singing and playing at the same time. Notably, Martin Freres clarinets, with their excellent intonation and tonal quality, lend themselves well to this complex and fascinating technique.

Circular Breathing

This technique, which allows you to maintain a continuous sound while inhaling, is a favorite among clarinetists from the Martin Freres tradition. It involves inhaling through the nose while pushing air out through the mouth using the cheeks and tongue. This can be a little tricky to master, but with practice, it can add a remarkable fluidity to your playing.

Flutter Tonguing

Flutter tonguing is another extended technique that clarinetists often use. It involves rolling your tongue (like the Spanish ‘r') while playing a note, creating a unique “fluttering” sound. This technique is often found in the works of contemporary composers and can be effectively executed on any clarinet, particularly those from the Martin Freres line.

Slap Tonguing

Slap tonguing is a percussive technique that involves slapping the reed with the tongue to produce a sharp, percussive sound, almost like a drum. This technique is often used in jazz and contemporary music. When you're experimenting with slap tonguing, using a quality instrument like a Martin Freres clarinet can help you achieve the best results.


Growling involves humming or singing into the instrument while playing. This creates a raspy, growling sound, often used in jazz and other contemporary genres. With a Martin Freres clarinet, you can produce an impressive growl, thanks to its superior resonance and tonal quality.

Microtonal Playing

Microtonal playing involves playing notes that are “in-between” the standard semitones. This technique is often used in contemporary classical music and some world music traditions. It requires a clarinet with excellent intonation, like the ones offered by Martin Freres, to accurately produce these unconventional pitches.

In conclusion, learning these extended techniques can open up a world of new possibilities for your clarinet playing. Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned player, experimenting with these techniques can help you add more depth and expression to your music. And if you're a Martin Freres enthusiast, you'll find that these techniques can be wonderfully executed on their quality instruments.

How to Adjust Your Clarinet Mouthpiece for Better Sound

If you're a clarinet enthusiast or a student learning to master the art of playing this beautiful instrument, one of the most critical aspects you'll need to understand is how to adjust your clarinet mouthpiece for better sound. This post will provide you with all the necessary information you need to enhance your sound quality and make your playing experience more satisfying.

The clarinet mouthpiece is a significant part of your instrument. It is where the sound starts to form, and it has a direct impact on the tone quality, intonation, and your ability to play in tune. If your clarinet sounds a bit flat, it could be that your mouthpiece isn't adjusted correctly.

Understanding the Importance of the Clarinet Mouthpiece

The mouthpiece is the starting point of your instrument's sound. It's where the reed vibrates to generate sound waves that resonate through the entire instrument. This makes the mouthpiece a crucial component of your clarinet. A well-adjusted mouthpiece can significantly improve the quality of your sound and make playing more comfortable.

How to Adjust Your Clarinet Mouthpiece

Adjusting your clarinet mouthpiece involves positioning it correctly on the instrument and ensuring it's fitted perfectly with the reed. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

  1. Check the position of the mouthpiece: Start by ensuring that the mouthpiece is not pushed too far onto the cork or pulled out too far. The mouthpiece should be positioned so that the reed is in line with the keys on the upper section of your clarinet.
  2. Adjust the reed: The reed should be aligned with the flat table of the mouthpiece. If it's too high or low, your instrument might sound sharp or flat, respectively. To adjust the reed, loosen the ligature, shift the reed to the correct position, and then tighten the ligature again.
  3. Test your sound: Play some notes to test your sound. If the instrument still sounds flat, you might need to adjust the mouthpiece position or reed alignment.

Tips for Better Sound Quality

Here are some tips to help you achieve a better sound quality:

  • Regular Cleaning: Keep your mouthpiece clean to ensure the best sound quality. Over time, saliva and other debris can build up in the mouthpiece, affecting its performance.
  • Proper Embouchure: Your embouchure, or how you hold your mouth and lips when you play, can affect the sound of your clarinet. Practice maintaining a firm, yet relaxed, embouchure for the best sound quality.
  • Quality Reed: The quality of your reed can significantly affect your sound. Make sure to choose a good-quality reed and replace it regularly.

Remember, the key to mastering any instrument, including the clarinet, is consistent practice and patience. It might take some time to get your mouthpiece adjustments just right, but with persistence, you'll hear the improvement in your sound quality.

Stay tuned for more insightful posts on how to improve your clarinet playing skills and enrich your understanding of this fascinating instrument!