Category Archives: Learning

Understanding the Clarinet Mouthpiece: A Comprehensive Guide

The Importance of the Clarinet Mouthpiece

The clarinet mouthpiece is an essential part of the instrument that significantly affects the player's sound and overall experience. While it might seem like a small component, its design and material can dramatically alter the way your clarinet performs. In this guide, we’ll explore the various aspects of clarinet mouthpieces, including their anatomy, how they influence sound, and tips for selecting the right one for your needs.

Anatomy of a Clarinet Mouthpiece

A clarinet mouthpiece consists of several key parts, each contributing to the instrument's sound and playability:

  • Tip Opening: This is the distance between the reed and the tip of the mouthpiece. A larger tip opening can offer more volume and flexibility, while a smaller opening might provide greater control and ease of play.
  • Facing Curve: The facing curve is the area where the reed contacts the mouthpiece. Its shape and length determine how the reed vibrates, impacting the instrument's response and tone.
  • Baffle: The baffle is the internal surface of the mouthpiece, influencing the direction and speed of the air flow. Its shape can make the sound brighter or darker.
  • Chamber: The chamber is the hollow space inside the mouthpiece. Variations in chamber size and shape can produce different tonal qualities, from mellow and warm to bright and penetrating.

Choosing the Right Mouthpiece

Selecting the right mouthpiece is a highly personal decision, influenced by your playing style, the type of music you perform, and your physical attributes. Here are some factors to consider:

  1. Material: Mouthpieces are typically made from hard rubber (ebonite), plastic, or metal. Hard rubber mouthpieces are favored by classical players for their rich, warm sound. Plastic mouthpieces are durable and affordable, making them ideal for beginners. Metal mouthpieces are popular among jazz musicians for their bright and powerful tone.
  2. Tip Opening: Beginners might prefer a mouthpiece with a smaller tip opening for ease of play, while advanced players often opt for larger openings for greater expressive potential.
  3. Facing Length: A longer facing length can provide more flexibility and a wider range of dynamics, suitable for players seeking nuanced articulations.

Impact on Sound and Playability

The mouthpiece is where the initial vibration of the reed occurs, setting the air column inside the clarinet into motion. This makes the mouthpiece a critical factor in shaping the instrument's sound:

  • Tone Quality: The material and design of the mouthpiece influence whether the sound is bright or dark, focused or spread.
  • Intonation: A well-crafted mouthpiece helps maintain consistent intonation across the clarinet's range.
  • Response: The ease with which the reed vibrates affects the instrument's responsiveness, allowing for quick articulation and smooth legato passages.

Experimenting with Reeds

The mouthpiece and reed work together to produce sound, and experimenting with different reeds can help you find the perfect combination. Factors to consider include:

  • Reed Strength: Softer reeds (lower strength numbers) are easier to play and produce a brighter sound, while harder reeds (higher strength numbers) offer more resistance and a darker tone.
  • Reed Material: Reeds are typically made from cane or synthetic materials. Cane reeds are preferred for their natural feel and sound, but synthetic reeds offer consistency and durability.

Practical Advice for Clarinetists

Finding the right mouthpiece involves a process of experimentation and adjustment. Here are some practical tips to help you along the way:

  • Seek Professional Advice: If you're unsure about which mouthpiece to choose, consult with your clarinet teacher or a professional clarinetist. They can provide valuable insights based on their experience.
  • Try Before You Buy: Whenever possible, try out different mouthpieces to see which one feels and sounds the best for you. Many music stores offer trial periods or rental options.
  • Be Patient: Finding the perfect mouthpiece takes time. Be patient and keep experimenting until you find the one that enhances your playing the most.

Martin Freres Clarinets: A Legacy of Craftsmanship

While this post focuses on providing valuable information, it's worth noting the craftsmanship and design principles that have made Martin Freres Clarinets a respected name in the clarinet community. Their approach to mouthpiece design reflects a deep understanding of the instrument's requirements and the player's needs.

Tips for Maintaining Your Mouthpiece

Proper care and maintenance of your mouthpiece can extend its lifespan and ensure it performs at its best:

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean your mouthpiece after each use to remove moisture and residue. Use a mouthpiece brush and warm water, avoiding harsh chemicals that can damage the material.
  • Proper Storage: Store your mouthpiece in a protective case to prevent scratches and other damage. Avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures, which can warp or crack the material.
  • Check for Wear: Over time, the facing and tip opening can wear down, affecting the performance of the mouthpiece. Regularly inspect your mouthpiece and replace it if you notice significant wear or damage.

The Journey to the Perfect Sound

The journey to finding the ideal clarinet mouthpiece is an ongoing process of exploration and refinement. Each player has unique preferences and requirements, and the right mouthpiece can significantly enhance your musical expression. Embrace the opportunity to experiment with different materials, designs, and reeds to discover the combination that best suits your style and needs.

In the world of clarinets, the mouthpiece is more than just a piece of hardware—it's a gateway to your instrument's true potential. By understanding its intricacies and investing in quality craftsmanship, you can unlock new dimensions of sound and elevate your playing experience.

Understanding the Clarinet Instrument: Insights from Martin Freres

Welcome to the “Learning” section of our website! Today, we're excited to dive deep into the world of the clarinet, an instrument beloved by musicians across genres. Whether you're new to the clarinet or an experienced player looking to expand your knowledge, this guide will provide valuable insights. We'll also touch on the rich heritage of Martin Freres Clarinets, known for their exceptional craftsmanship and contribution to the clarinet community.

The Clarinet: A Brief Overview

The clarinet is a versatile woodwind instrument with a rich history and a unique sound that can be found in various music styles, from classical to jazz. Its name is derived from the Italian word “clarino,” meaning trumpet, due to its bright and clear tone.

Invented in the early 18th century by Johann Christoph Denner, the clarinet evolved from the earlier chalumeau. Denner's addition of the register key expanded its range, making it a more versatile instrument. Since then, the clarinet has become a staple in orchestras, bands, and solo performances.

The Clarinet Family

The clarinet family includes instruments of various sizes and pitches, each with its own distinct role and sound:

  • B flat Clarinet: The most common type, widely used in orchestras, bands, and solo performances.
  • A Clarinet: Slightly longer than the B flat clarinet, often used in classical music.
  • Bass Clarinet: Known for its rich, deep sound, it plays lower notes and is used in orchestras and jazz bands.
  • E flat Clarinet: Smaller and higher-pitched, commonly found in marching bands and orchestras.
  • Contra-alto and Contrabass Clarinets: These produce the lowest notes in the clarinet family, adding depth to large ensembles.

Anatomy of the Clarinet

Understanding the parts of the clarinet is essential for both beginners and experienced players:

  • Mouthpiece: The part where the reed is attached. The quality of the mouthpiece greatly influences the sound.
  • Barrel: Connects the mouthpiece to the upper joint, helping fine-tune the instrument.
  • Upper Joint: Contains tone holes and keys operated by the left hand.
  • Lower Joint: Contains tone holes and keys operated by the right hand.
  • Bell: The flared end that helps project the sound.

Martin Freres Clarinets are known for their meticulous craftsmanship in each component, ensuring a harmonious and rich sound.

Choosing the Right Clarinet

Selecting the right clarinet depends on several factors, including skill level, musical goals, and budget. Here are some tips:

  • Material: Clarinets are typically made from wood (like grenadilla) or plastic. Wooden clarinets, such as those by Martin Freres, offer superior sound quality.
  • Brand: Opting for reputable brands like Martin Freres ensures reliability and excellent sound.
  • Skill Level: Beginners might start with plastic clarinets for durability, while advanced players often prefer the richer tones of wooden clarinets.
  • Budget: Investing in a high-quality clarinet can enhance your playing experience and longevity of the instrument.

Playing the Clarinet: Tips for Beginners

For those new to the clarinet, here are some essential tips to get started:

  • Posture: Maintain good posture to ensure proper airflow and control.
  • Breathing: Use diaphragmatic breathing to produce a steady stream of air.
  • Embouchure: Form a correct embouchure by sealing your lips around the mouthpiece and applying even pressure.
  • Finger Placement: Learn the correct finger positions for each note and practice scales to build muscle memory.
  • Consistent Practice: Regular practice is key to improvement. Start with short sessions and gradually increase the duration.

Martin Freres offers beginner-friendly models designed to make learning easier and more enjoyable.

Advanced Techniques and Repertoire

As you advance, exploring new techniques and expanding your repertoire can enhance your skills:

  • Articulation: Master different articulation methods, such as staccato and legato, to add expression to your playing.
  • Dynamics: Practice varying dynamics (soft, loud, crescendos, and decrescendos) to enhance musicality.
  • Extended Techniques: Experiment with techniques like multiphonics and circular breathing to expand your expressive range.
  • Repertoire: Explore diverse music genres, from classical masterpieces to contemporary pieces and jazz standards.

Martin Freres Clarinets are designed to handle a wide range of techniques and musical styles, making them ideal for advanced players.

Maintaining Your Clarinet

Proper maintenance is crucial to keep your clarinet in optimal condition:

  • Cleaning: Clean the mouthpiece and reed after each use and swab the interior regularly.
  • Reed Care: Rotate between multiple reeds to extend their lifespan and store them in a reed case.
  • Cork Grease: Apply cork grease to the joints to ensure easy assembly and prevent damage.
  • Regular Check-ups: Have your clarinet serviced by a professional technician to address any issues and maintain performance.

Martin Freres Clarinets provides high-quality accessories and maintenance kits to help you care for your instrument.

The Martin Freres Legacy

Martin Freres Clarinets has a long-standing reputation for excellence. Founded over a century ago, the brand has been synonymous with quality and innovation. Their instruments are crafted with precision and care, using the finest materials to produce a rich, resonant sound.


The clarinet is a captivating instrument with a broad range of expressive possibilities. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced player, understanding its history, anatomy, and playing techniques can greatly enhance your musical journey. Martin Freres Clarinets, with their heritage of craftsmanship, offer instruments that cater to all levels, ensuring a fulfilling and enjoyable experience.

Thank you for exploring the clarinet with us. Stay tuned for more informative articles and tips from Martin Freres Clarinets, and happy playing!

How to Select a Mouthpiece for a Vintage Clarinet

Selecting a clarinet mouthpiece for a vintage clarinet with a non-standard tenon receiver bore can be a bit challenging, but it's important to find a mouthpiece that fits properly to ensure good playability and sound quality. Here are steps to guide you through the process:

  1. Measure the Tenon Receiver Bore: Begin by measuring the internal diameter of the tenon receiver bore on your vintage clarinet. Use a caliper or a measuring tool designed for this purpose. Record the diameter in millimeters, as this measurement will be crucial when choosing a mouthpiece.
  2. Consult a Clarinet Specialist: Contact a clarinet specialist, repair technician, or a reputable music shop that specializes in woodwind instruments. They may have experience with vintage clarinets and can provide guidance on mouthpiece selection.
  3. Explore Custom Mouthpieces: Due to the non-standard bore size, you might need a custom mouthpiece made specifically for your clarinet. Custom mouthpiece makers can create mouthpieces to fit your instrument's unique requirements. They will take the measurements you obtained in step 1 and design a mouthpiece accordingly. Keep in mind that custom mouthpieces can be more expensive but are tailored to your clarinet's needs.
  4. Try Different Mouthpieces: If a custom mouthpiece isn't an option, you can try different standard mouthpieces with various bore sizes. Look for mouthpieces that are slightly smaller than your clarinet's tenon receiver bore but not too small to avoid air leaks. You can experiment with different mouthpieces to find one that fits snugly and provides a good seal.
  5. Use Mouthpiece Adapters: In some cases, you may be able to use a mouthpiece adapter to fit a standard mouthpiece onto your vintage clarinet. These adapters are designed to bridge the gap between the mouthpiece and the tenon receiver bore. However, they may affect the instrument's playability and tone, so consider this option cautiously.
  6. Seek Expert Advice: If you're uncertain about which mouthpiece to choose or whether an adapter would work, consult with a clarinet expert or technician. They can provide specific recommendations based on the unique characteristics of your vintage clarinet.
  7. Test and Adjust: Once you've obtained a mouthpiece that seems to fit well, test it on your clarinet. Pay attention to intonation, tone quality, and ease of play. If necessary, you may need to make small adjustments or seek further guidance from a professional to optimize the setup.

Remember that finding the right mouthpiece for a vintage clarinet with a non-standard tenon receiver bore may require some patience and experimentation. Prioritize playability and tone quality to ensure that your instrument sounds and feels its best.

Exploring Career Possibilities and Probabilities of Success in Studying the Clarinet

When it comes to pursuing a career in music, the possibilities are as diverse as the instruments themselves. One such instrument that has captivated audiences for centuries is the clarinet. A young person considering studying the clarinet may wonder about the career possibilities and the probabilities of success that lie ahead. Let's delve into this fascinating world to shed some light on the subject.

Performance Opportunities:
For those passionate about playing the clarinet, a career as a professional performer is a compelling choice. Clarinetists have a wide range of options, including joining orchestras, chamber music ensembles, or even pursuing a solo career. Opportunities to perform can arise in symphony halls, concert venues, opera houses, or as part of touring ensembles. Successful clarinetists often secure positions in renowned orchestras or pursue teaching positions in prestigious institutions.

Session and Studio Work:
Clarinetists can also explore session and studio work, contributing their skills to a variety of musical genres. This includes participating in recording sessions for albums, film scores, television shows, or even video game soundtracks. Versatile clarinet players can adapt to different musical styles, enhancing their chances of securing such opportunities.

Teaching and Education:
A career in teaching can be a rewarding path for those who not only excel at playing the clarinet but also have a passion for imparting knowledge. Teaching positions can be found in schools, conservatories, universities, or through private instruction. Some clarinetists also choose to offer masterclasses or workshops, sharing their expertise with aspiring musicians.

Orchestral Opportunities:
Orchestras provide a platform for clarinetists to showcase their skills and passion. While securing a permanent position in a major orchestra can be highly competitive, there are other avenues to explore. Freelance opportunities, substitute positions, or participating in regional orchestras can help young clarinetists gain valuable experience, build their network, and increase their chances of success.

Chamber Music:
Chamber music, an intimate form of ensemble playing, offers clarinetists the chance to collaborate closely with other musicians. Joining a chamber music group can lead to performances in various settings, such as concert series, festivals, and even international tours. This path allows for artistic expression and the opportunity to establish oneself as a versatile and sought-after musician.

Composing and Arranging:
Some clarinetists choose to explore their creativity by composing or arranging music. This can involve writing original pieces for the clarinet or adapting existing compositions for the instrument. With dedication and skill, a clarinetist-composer can find opportunities to have their works performed, recorded, or published.

While the possibilities for a career in clarinet playing are vast, it's important to acknowledge the probabilities of success and the challenges one may encounter along the way. The music industry is highly competitive, demanding continuous dedication, perseverance, and a commitment to ongoing improvement. Success often requires not only exceptional talent but also networking skills, entrepreneurial mindset, and a willingness to embrace new opportunities.

Building a successful career as a clarinetist often requires years of study, practice, and performance experience. A solid foundation through formal education, such as a degree in music performance or clarinet, can provide crucial training and guidance. Additionally, seeking mentorship from established clarinetists and participating in competitions, masterclasses, and workshops can help young clarinetists develop their skills and gain exposure.

Success in the music industry is not solely measured by fame and fortune. It is a deeply personal journey, where fulfillment and artistic growth play vital roles. Remember that success can take various forms, and finding joy and fulfillment in playing the clarinet can be a rewarding achievement in itself.

In conclusion, pursuing a career as a clarinetist offers a wide range of possibilities for young musicians. Whether it's performing on grand stages, recording in studios, teaching future generations, or exploring other creative avenues, a career in clarinet playing can be rich and fulfilling. While the path may be challenging, with dedication, talent, and a passion for music, young clarinetists can increase their probabilities of success and embark on a remarkable musical journey.

How We Appraise a Clarinet

When appraising a clarinet, the Martin Freres Company experts consider the following:

  1. Current condition; Is the clarinet playable? Does it need to be reconditioned? Are there any scratches, cracks, leaks, missing components?
  2. Popularity and market acceptance of the model at its initial release;
  3. Where the piece was made; The French pieces tend to have a higher value, for example, than do the clarinets manufactured elsewhere;
  4. Current demand versus supply affects the clarinet value;
  5. How well has the clarinet been preserved, stored and/or maintained over the years of its existence?
  6. Even if the clarinet is currently in good, playable condition, did the piece require significant repairs such as cracks, misaligned posts, replacement keys, at any time in its history?
  7. Is the clarinet all original? Meaning: Is the bell original? Is the barrel original? Are the keys the original keys installed by its clarinet-maker? Do the serial numbers on the upper and lower joints match? Is the mouthpiece a Martin Freres? Is the ligature a Martin Freres? Originality of the clarinet certainly affect its value;
  8. Which of the various Martin Freres maker’s stamps (logos) was used on the clarinet?
  9. Actual recent sales.

Description for the Condition of a Clarinet

  • Used Parts Only to Poor Condition – Not playable; Needs Major Work
  • Used Fair to Good Playable Condition – Playable with minor issues, may have repaired cracks, may have metal-plating loss, fair pads, fair cork, fair springs.
  • Used Very Good Playable Condition – Playable with no issues, may have repaired cracks, may have minor metal-plating loss, good pads, good cork, good springs.
  • Used Excellent Playable Condition – No visible scratches, No cracks or pins, No metal-plating loss; must have new pads, new cork, good springs